People have different ways to learn and to remember many various things, events, dates, etc. Some people learn by doing things, others by reading books, listening, watching or writing. As for me, writing is the best method to remember things and information. And here are some arguments and examples.
First of all, I have a good understanding of the things when I do them many times. When I studied at school I didn’t write a lot in my copy-books. I listened to my teachers carefully and tried to understand them and then if it was necessary, very important or difficult to understand I wrote the information down. But when I entered university, everything has changed, even methods of studying. As I have chosen one of the most difficult languages – Chinese, I can’t do the same things as I did at school. To learn Chinese you should practice in speaking and writing as regularly as possible. You should write hieroglyphics every day. Only this way you can learn how to write in Chinese. And I’m trying to do my best. So, on the first place of the best methods of learning things is writing.
On the second place I find reading very useful. If you read the information very carefully many times, you will understand the meaning and remember it. Of course, sometimes it might not work. But I believe that there is no use to learn everything by hard without understanding the meaning itself. It is better to read once or twice understand it, paraphrase and say it in your own words.
On the third place is repeating things or information aloud. It doesn’t matter if you read and repeat or listen to someone and repeat. The main point is to repeat. It’s like with a parrot. If you repeat one word all the time and he will repeat it after you, after some time the parrot will remember this word and will know it by hard. As for me, this method is really good when I’m alone at home and no one disturbs me.
In conclusion, I prefer learning by doing things (especially writing & reading), because this way it helps me to understand things easily, also because it helps me to memorize things longer.